IRIX/usr/Cadmin/bin/csetup vulnerability

Summary
Description:standard dumb tmpfile creation vulnerability in csetup
Author:Discovered by Jay (srinivas@t2.chem.umn.edu)
Compromise: root (local)
Vulnerable Systems:IRIX with vulnerable suid csetup
Date:6 January 1996
Details

Exploit:

Date: Mon, 6 Jan 1997 02:03:29 -0600
From: Yuri Volobuev 
To: Multiple recipients of list BUGTRAQ 
Subject: Irix: csetup hole
 
Howdy,
 
New Year, old bugs.  Another stupid log file, another
hell-knows-why-it's-suid GUI tool that helps anybody to become root.
Discovered by Jay (srinivas@t2.chem.umn.edu), I merely helped to finish off
an exploit.
 
ABSTRACT
 
/usr/Cadmin/bin/csetup is root/suid and buggy.  It has a vulnerability that
allows any local user to get root priviledges.
 
FIX
 
chmod u-s /usr/Cadmin/bin/csetup
 
Move on to your next message if you are a busy person.
 
Full story.
 
While I was freezing my ass off in Ames, IA, making frequent trips to video
rental store, Jay was doing somethig less lame and found an interesting
thing: if one does setenv DEBUG_CSETUP 1 and then runs csetup, it'll create
a file /usr/tmp/csetupLog, owned by root.  Sure enough, it follows symlinks,
follows umask if file is nonexistant, overwrites existing file keeping
original permissions.  csetup will display a dialog window on startup,
asking for root password.  However, one can press Cancel and it will proceed
in "read-only" mode.  Perhaps it was considered to be enough protection, so
it doesn't bother dropping root priviledges.
 
The log file looks like
 
 Remote Host: xxx Address : xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
 Set Initial Timeout (objectserver) : 1
 Get Lego objects Info
 Finished Loading objects info
 Networking Panel initialization complete!
 
and there's no easy way to alter its contents, thus no easy way to exploit
it.  Yet another DoS attack, right?  Well, so we thought.  On an ideal OS,
it probably is.  But it's Irix.  I felt it more than DoS.  I didn't try too
hard to find it, though, and the other day I was brushing my teeth and it
came by itself.  Log file contains nice text, not just some binary crap.  So
from the OS view point it's a shell script.  sh will be invoked to execute
it, and it'll try to execute command called "Remote".  So we can overwrite
some system binary and make some program running as root execute it.  But
one has to have control over PATH for it to be profitable.  That's where
Irix helps us.  Some may remember an old advisory about sgihelp, it was
recommended that people _remove sgihelp_ till patch is installed, pretty
amazing, huh?  That's because all those GUI tools that run as root invoke
sgihelp without bothering to change uid first.  Old sgihelp didn't care if
uid/euid=0, you can imagine what this means.  New one does drop root very
early, but it doesn't solve the real problem: many GUI tools calling
external program while euid=0, which is totally unnecessary.  Sure, it's
easier to fix one program than a whole bunch of them, I'm very lazy myself
so I can understand, but there's a price.  One doesn't need to go far to
find an example, csetup itself does it.  So, do setenv DEBUG_CETUP 1,
symlink /usr/tmp/casetupLog to /usr/sbin/sgihelp, put infamous makesh called
"Remote" first in your PATH, run csetup.  At this point sgihelp is nuked.
Now click on Help button, and enjoy.  Remember to make a copy of real
sgihelp first.
 
Can somebody tell me, what is the point of making a program suid if it only
runs when you know root password?  /usr/Cadmin/bin is full of such programs.
They ask for root password on startup, and most of them only proceed if
valid password is entered.  Why is it considered to be easier than su +
running non-suid program?  It allows one to do system administration
clicking on nice icons and toolboxes, right.  But it's sure more dangerous,
Besides, all these programs require this stupid objectserver thing to hog
your memory (I don't run it, that's why I didn't look in /usr/Cadmin/bin
myself).  You will feel better if you do this:
 
chmod u-s /usr/Cadmin/bin/*
chkconfig objectserver off
killall objectserver
 
Some program might miss objectserver, mediad will complain on boot, for
example, but it doesn't break anything really, only these GUI admin tools.
 
cheers,
 
yuri
Always speaking for myself and only for myself



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